Postfire treatments alter forest canopy structure up to three decades after fire

Postfire treatments alter forest canopy structure up to three decades after fire

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Available online 22 November 2021, 119872

Postfire treatments alter forest canopy structure up to three decades after fire

Highlights

Four treatments were implemented in differing climate and burn severity conditions.

Harvest-only treatments simplified canopy structure relative to burned untreated controls.

Planting only treatments concentrated on high drought stress sites.

Rapid canopy redevelopment on harvest + planting sites, little on planting-only sites.

Prescribed burn treatment effects generally weak but consistent with objectives.

Abstract

We evaluated the effects of postfire management on forest structure in mixed-conifer forests of northeastern Washington, USA. Postfire treatments were harvest-only, harvest combined with planting, planting-only, and postfire prescribed fire. We used aerial light detection and ranging (LiDAR) to measure vertical and horizontal components of postfire forest structure over a period of 2 to 32 years after fires. We compared treated areas to control areas with similar bioclimatic environments and past fire severity. We used niche overlap statistics to quantify distributions of individual forest structure components and PERMANOVA to assess forest structural response to the presence or absence of treatments, past fire severity, time since treatment, and bioclimatic setting. Harvest alone after fire decreased dominant tree height and reduced vertical canopy complexity and the cover of tall trees. Harvest combined with planting increased dominant tree height, vertical complexity, and cover in lower height strata. Planting and prescribed fires showed little difference in forest structure relative to untreated controls. Overall, the burn severity of the initial fire was the strongest influence on postfire structure, and many aspects of vertical and horizontal forest structure showed little difference with increasing time since fire.

Keywords

Compound disturbances

Douglas-fir

Harvest

High-severity fire

Landsat

Lidar

Lodgepole pine

Planting

Ponderosa pine

Postfire

Prescribed fire

RBR

Salvage

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© 2021 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Superforest

via ScienceDirect Publication: Forest Ecology and Management https://ift.tt/2zaqiu8

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